The flora and fauna of the Prefecture of Evia is remarkable and known from the earliest years. Particularly in mountainous areas, to which one meets 1,190 acres of woodland fir, beech, chestnut, pine and beyond. In the prefecture of Evia one may encounter endangered species such Fidaeto, Chrysaaeto, Peregrine Falcon, Bonelli’s Eagle, Falcon , Honey Buzzard, Griffon, jackets etc.
Nowhere in Evia can one find these rare plant species as:
- Alyssum euboeum
- Centaurea ebenoides
- Campanula incurva
- Ebenus sibthorpii
- Fritillaria euboica – Endangered Species
- Onosma euboeica
But there are rare species of small animals such as:
- Talpa caeca
- Erinaceus concolor drozdorskii
- Barbus plebejus euboicus- Hazardous endangered
- Rhinolophus ferrumequinum also protected by the Bonn Convention and the Bern Convention
In the prefecture of Evia there are at least 15 wildlife sanctuaries.
The prefecture of Evia stands for about 36 (natural) wetland investigations and enumeration of WWF Hellas and two islands.
From an ecological point of view is very important for the hydrological cycle of the two islands and the major stations and shelters for millions of migratory birds and waterfowl – amphibians and reptiles, and so this makes them the perfect for observation and study of birds and animals.
Indeed Evia is considered a migration flyway for golden eagles and other protected bird (Northern Europe – Africa), and so its importance is highly increased.
Some of the most important are:
- Paralimni – Lake – N. Evia – Wetland area : 4,000 ha
- Ekovoles Voudorou – Wetland area : 300 ha
- Nileas – Evia – Wetland
- Kireas – Evia – Wetland
- Mining Aliveriou – N. Evia – Wetland area : 50 ha
- Aliveri – N. Evia – Wetland area : 18 ha
- Lake Dystos – N. Evia Wetland area : 4,750 ha
- LIVARI or Small & Large Livari – Evia – Wetland area : 1.000str .
- Psachna or Kolovrechtis – K. Evia – Wetland area : 800 ha
- Geropotamos ( Mining Troupa ) – Evia – Wetland
- Prokopi – Evia – Wetland
- Lila River – K. Evia – Wetland
- Mount Kandyli -B . Evia 62.434 acres
- Mountain Pycharias ( as Kymi ) – K. Evia
Rare bird species in Evia:
- Hieraaetus fasciatus
- Ardea purpurea
- Falco eleonorae
- Melanocorypha calandra
- Pernis apivorus
- Circaetus gallicus
- Aquila chrysaetos
- Caprimulgus europaeus
- Falco peregrinus
- Accipiter brevipes
- Alcedo atthis
- Emberiza caesia
- Calandrella brachydactyla
- Lullula arborea
- Ficedula albicollis
- Lanius collurio
- Hippolais olivetorum
- Bubo bubo
Bird watching Tours in Skyros
The first group was organized with visitors coming from Great Britain, accompanied by external project partners and experts in creating ecotourism routes by the owner Phil Knott. The team visited Skyros on the 27th of April till the 4th of May. Falcons, seabirds, herons, little egrets, Black-winged Stilt, kestrels, bee and sparrows are some of the many species recorded. Mostly moved in Rough and wetlands in Mooring, wetland Kalamitsa and in Southern Skyros.
The guests left with the best impressions on both the species observed as well as an excellent impression of the island Skyros and wished it to remain and to preserve the natural wealth as an important ecotourism destination setting ornithological tourism in Skyros as the neighbouring island of Lesvos, where the species are much greater, each year welcomes close to three thousand birdwatchers.